Bombina bombina – Fire-bellied Toad. There are several populations located in South-eastern Latvia and along south-central border of the state. Total number of population is estimated ~ 300 vocalizing males. Until 2006, only two small populations were known (~ 10 vocalizing males each), one having specially established Natura 200 site (Islice Reserve), but other – in Natura 2000 site established for many rare species (Ilgas Reserve). Both have Territory Protection Plans with specific measures for Bombina bombina; in both these measures have partially been implemented. In 2006 large population (~200 vocalizing males) was found outside any protected area, in the Daugavpils District in south-eastern Latvia. Bombina bombina does have approved Species Protection Plan where species records and general information on recommended conservation actions are described.